Massive Open Online Courses: Disruptive Innovation for Universities? The Present State and Future Outlook

The aim of this study is to examine and clarify aspects concerning Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), to present the current state, and to assess their future impact on the universities. The report chapters cover the following topics:

  • The development of online teaching. Major landmarks of MOOC courses development are presented and the characteristics as well as the types of courses are described.
  • Academic aspects. Models of teaching and learning and the pedagogic rationale of the courses are described.  Academic issues and potential advantages, disadvantages, and weaknesses are discussed.
  • Economic aspects.  The perspectives of the students and institutions are described, and issues related to business models and the economic impact of the development of MOOC courses are discussed.
  • Disruptive innovation in universities. Aspects related to the disruption of the business model and its impact on the higher education system and the universities in particular are discussed.
  • Summary and of the future outlook. Past developments are summarized and future impact on higher education is assessed.


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